Handicrafts of East Azarbaijan Province
EastAzarbaijan is one of the central parts of Handicrafts. It involves variable kinds of carpet, rug, woven woolen cloth, pannier, napped coarse carpet, shawl, potteries and ceramics, mat, woolen and silk cloth, needlework, silverwork, crocheting, towel and blanket weaving, shoemaking, and so on. Actually the main handicrafts of the province include: carpet weaving, Mosaic, woodcarving, basket and mat weaving.
Based on valid and reliable documents, from the 3rd century Tabriz had been the center of carpet and carpet weaving. Most of the Iranian carpets are exhibited all over the world. Tabriz Carpet is one of the important items of Iran export. The carpets are woven at workshops, or by single weavers.
One special type of carpet is patent which is mostly woven by nomadic people. It is neither carpet, nor napped coarse carpet. It is just a carpet or linen cloth spread under it. It is sometimes made of wool, and sometimes made of silk, and sometimes made of a mixture of them.
Napped coarse carpet
It is another carpet like cloth to be spread under; it is woven of the wool of sheep or goat. Nowadays, it is common even in city houses. They have usually herbal colors. It doesn’t have design and it is not larger than 3*4.
Cloth weaving has been common in Iran, east Azarbaijan from ancient times. In Safavi era it was known as the golden period of cloth weaving. Good samples of silk and golden cloth woven by hand are exhibited in Astane Qodse Razavi and art museum of Esfahan.
Silverwork had been common in Tabriz from ancient times and there have been 20 silver workshops.
Pottery and ceramics
Ceramic products of Province are produced at workshops in Zunuz and Tabriz. They use high quality soil. Pottery and ceramics is also common in Koozehkonan.
Basket was being used to carry shopping. They were using flexible tree woods. It was mostly common in Maragheh and Marand, and they mostly were using wheat stalks.
Kalagheie or Batik print has been common in some countries like Thiland, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and India. It is also common in Tabriz and Osku. During this industry, all the colorful designs are transferred on the cloth by Polish.
Traditional desiging and painting
Skillful men like Behzad , from Tabriz, were specialists in traditional designing.in 928 Hijrii, Shaah Tahmasb along with some artists of traditional designing and painting came to Tabriz, and caused great improvement in this field in Tabriz. In this art they have been inspired from natural views, like trees , rivers, skiand so on.
It is an art and handicraft special to Tabriz in which all the designs are in the form of Relief Stamp. During this art the designs are mostly carved on the wood.
Tabriz leather products and the handmade shoes of Tabriz have dedicated a great fame to themselves all over the world.
It had been common in Mamaghan , 50 kms away from Tabriz. Due to the fact that it isnot moneymaking, the tendency for needle work has reduced. However, Iranoian cultural heritage, handcraft and tourism organization has tried to improve it again.