Kandovan is a village in Sahand Rural District, in the Central District of Osku County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. This village exemplifies manmade cliff dwellings which are still inhabited. The troglodyte homes, excavated inside volcanic rocks and tuffs similar to dwellings in the Turkish region of Cappadocia, are locally called "Karaan". Karaans were cut into the Lahars (volcanic mudflow or debris flow) of Mount Sahand. The cone form of the houses is the result of lahar flow consisting of porous round and angular pumice together with other volcanic particles that were positioned in a grey acidic matrix. After the eruption of Sahand these materials were naturally moved and formed the rocks of Kandovan. Around the village the thickness of this formation exceeds 100 m and with time due to water erosion the cone shaped cliffs were formed.
The waterfall of Gul Akhir
Gul Akhir village is in the area of Kharvana Varzeghan city and its 70km from Varzeghan city. There are natural springs and waterfalls and underground caves around the village that the most famous of them is a very beautiful and cool waterfall named Gul Akhir that emanates from 3 springs with high level of water in northern high mountains of the village. After passing through the village, it eventually becomes a beautiful waterfall with the height of about 10 meters. Then after passing through beautiful, lush and thick valleys and passing through the Arzil village and it reunites with the Tarzom river and goes down to Hajilar village and Blue dome. The village is on Varzeqan-Kharvana road, in a y junction called Mammad Aqa. In this intersection, after turning to the sidetrack, and passing 5 kilometers you reach to the Arzil village.
Lighwan (Persian: ليقوان, also Romanized as Līghwān; also known as Lighvān) is a village in Meydan Chay Rural District, in the Central District of Tabriz County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 5,350, in 1,055 families. It is famous for slight weather during summer time and cold weather in winter. The main occupation of the people is agriculture, dairy and gardening. Lighwan's traditional feta cheese is the most famous cheese all around Iran. Its population is 5260.
The St. Stepanos Monastery
The St. Stepanos Monastery or Monastery of St. Stephen the Protomartyr (Persian: کلیسای استفانوس مقدس, Azerbaijani: مؤقدس ایستیپانوس کیلیساسی, Armenian: Սուրբ Ստեփանոս վանք; Maghardavank Մաղարդավանք) is an Armenian monastery about 15 km northwest of Jolfa city, East Azarbaijan Province northwest Iran. It is situated in a deep canyon along the Arax river on the Iranian side of the border between Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and Iran. It was built in the 9th century and rebuilt in the Safavid era after several earthquakes damaged it.
Sabalan is one of the highest mountains in Iran that is located in northern west of Ardebil province and because of its height which is 4811, it is counted as the third highest mountain in Iran after Damavand and Alamkooh. Sabalan is a dormant volcano and there is a lake on top of it, and it is noteworthy for muntain climber and tourist acount of picturesque nature with hot spring(laguna) in its hillside. Sabalan mountain has 3 famous peaks, "Soltan Savalan" is the most famous and the two others are called "Kasra" and "Heram". Sabalan peak has registered with the number 19496/12 in the list of national natural monuments. Its ownership document from the height of three thousand and six hundred meters and an area of six thousand and two hundred hectores has been issued.
Sahand is a massive strato volcano in north-west of the province of east Azerbaijan . It is one of the highest mountains in Azerbaijan. In addition to being an important dormant volcano in Iran. The sahand mountains are directly in south of Tabriz ,the highest peak of which is Kamal at an evaluation 0f 3/707ms. Approximately 17 peaks can be accounted for as being over 3000ms in height. Due to the presence of a varity of flora and fauna, the Sahand mountains are known as the bride of mountains in Iran.
Lake Gurigöl (also Gurigöl) is a small fresh to brackish lake in the uplands of East Azarbaijan Province in north-western Iran. Together with the adjacent reed marshes it is an important breeding area for waterfowl. A 1.2 km² site was designated as a Ramsar Convention wetland protection site on 23 June 1975.
Kordasht historical village is located in 80 km pf Jolfa's east, after passing Nordoz border terminal and Nordoz village, which had placed one of the most beautiful architectural collection in its. Kordasht collection includes 8 historical monument like big bathroom, mansion, little bathroom, Qarib mosque, Glacie, Kordasht castle and Sakhlo (garrison) and the oldest of them is Qarib mosque which is related to Zandie period. Kordasht castle in terms of historical significance and military in time of Abbas mirza Qajar's rule, the regent of of Fath-Ali Shah(one of the Qajar's king) in Azarbayjan has been much considered and it was one of his troops command center during wars between Iran and Russia. Kordasht castle has been based on the top of a rock hill and the entrance door has located is the north side of this castle. In heights, the walls of this castle had made from bricks and stone. 6 watchtower were there to a certain distance near 100m of each other which now a part of those has remain. Distance between Kordasht and Varzaqan is 66km and this distance untill Ahar is 126 km and untill Jolfa is 80km.
Sardroud Narin Castle
Saghandel is a village in East Azerbaijan province near the city Varzeqan . our program was visiting an inscription near village painted 700 years BC, with 40 trackers of group with leading of sarhang musa nejhad on December 12, 2014. Avrartvyy cuneiform inscriptions (753-735 BC) at 3 km from the village on the rocky hillside magpie integrated and in high (1700m) chest is painted.
Khajeh Nazar (Abbassi) Caravansary
5 km from Jolfa there is a ruined caravansary which was built in the period of Shah Abbas via Khaje Nazar's fundings. He was one of the Armenians that migrated to Esfahan by force and then had become a successful businessman. He had impressed Shah Abbass, thus he had gained the kings favor to come to his birth place and build a caravansary in there, so the travelers and visitors, passed the river, could rest the night and then head towards Sojia or today's Shoja. Khajeh Nazar Caravansary is one of the 999 caravansaries built in Shah Abbass Safavi era. French Tavarnieh has seen this caravansary and writes in his itinerary: Khajeh Nazar was one of the respected Armenians of Jolfa and developed in business and trade. He became honored by the king (Shah Abbass) and his heir Shah Safi. He was made the marshal of the Armenians and paying respect to his hometown, he built two major caravansaries in Jolfa in the both side of the river that remain to this day. But these two great buildings were never completed due to his death.
Behestan Castle or the “Demon’s Throne” is a Sassanid era (226-651 CE) structure that was still in use well into the Islamic Period. The creators of this castle, carved its rooms out of the mountain. The castle consists of three sections: rooms, corridors and stairways. The upper parts of the castle had defensive purposes and the lower parts were used to store food for its inhabitants. The stairway on the western and eastern side of the castle, which originated from the southern wing of the structure, can no longer be used due to extensive damage to the lower levels caused by the passage of time. The stairway on the northwestern side of the castle, one of the best preserved parts of this structure ends in a room that has Islamic decorations typical to Mihrabs (prayer niche) seen in mosques. The upper level of the castle has a stone pool built with a Sarooj (mix of lime and clay) mortar. Behestan Castle has been registered as a National Heritage Site.
Marakhuni Urban Park
The main touristic area of Sardrud, a small town near Tabriz, is Marakhuni Urban Park. It is located among the old gardens and springs of the city. Sardrud is situated in a valley that is an alluvial plain which makes it a rich source of ground water, springs and qanats. Besides, the mild climate of the area has made it possible to have lots of gardens around the town. This park with both its beautiful landscapes and magnificant nature and constructions made by the municipality in recent years, makes Sardrud one of the tourist attractions of East Azarbaijan. The park is located in southeast of Sardrud and next to the ancient 3000-year-old castle of Narin Qala.
Dashkasan or the Dragon Temple is located 10 kilometers southeast of Soltaniyeh near Veir Village. Dashkasan consists of three deep, manmade caves that have exquisite stone carvings. One of these carvings is the image of two 3.5-meter dragons facing each other. There are alters decorated with floral and arabesque motifs as well as stone Muqarnas decorations on either side of these carvings. According to one theory, these carvings are the work of Chinese artists commissioned by Ilkhanid ruler Oljeitu (1280 – 1316). Other researchers believe this temple was initially used by the followers of Mithra in Sassanid (226-651 CE) Iran and was later used as a temple by the Ilkhanids before they converted to Islam. It was registered in national monuments list in 1974 under the number of 1026.
El goli (shahgoli)
Historical period: aquyunlu – safavid –qajar Position: southeast of Tabriz El goli is among the most beautiful parks of Iran .It is located in the southeast of Tabriz. It has a 317 by 200 meters pool. Qahraman Mirza, repaired and reconstructed in the Qajar era. There is a small island with an edifice in the middle of pool. The previous edifice that had been in form of a pavilion the new building was built in two floors in form of a pavilion. A wellequipped amusement park has been made beside this park in the recent decades.
"Khaghani Park" is located in the city center of tabriz near the blue mosque and Azarbayjan museum and was mostly destroyed by the earthquake happened in (1780 A.D), in 1380 Muhammad Ali khan tarbiyat, Mayor of the city turned it to public park.
Baghlar baghi park
Baghlar Baghi entertaining and touristary park was opened on August 1994,it is one of the important 3 park in this city. The enterance doors of the park are opened at 4 p.m every day and closed at12 a.m , and many people visit it at this time. Baghlar Baghi places neighborhood of Ostad Shahryar Blvd and northern part of Vali Asr alley and nearby Vali Asr park. Baghlar Baghi has a big restaurant where has placed on its enterance and it is welcomed many citizenes and travelers. Baghlar Baghi places mass of trees a couple of Tabrizian citizenes present to enjoy pictureque atmomosphere. Dolphiarium is one of the most attractive and the newest this complex.
Tarbiyat is a pedestrian street in the center of Tabriz, Iran. It was built during the Pahlavi Dynasty (the first Pahlavi) and named in memory of Tabriz's mayor Mohammad Ali Tarbiat, who was responsible for initiation of the modernization project of Tabriz. During Mayor Darvish Zadeh incumbency (1993–1997) Tarbiyat St. was rebuilt as a pedestrian-only street. Tarbiyat Street currently is considered one of the busiest districts in the city center of Tabriz. It includes a small part of the Tabriz Bazar, known as Shishe Gar Khane, and some modern shopping malls: Shekh Safi, Shams-e Tabrizi, Molana, and some more. The street has a special architecture.
Eynali Cable is a gondola lift in Mount Eynali at North of Tabriz, Iran. The lift is design to be a three stage lift and the first phase is operational since Fall 2010. The first station is in the foothills of the Eynali and it goes up to ownebneali Holyshrine at the local peak of Eynali.
El-Goli Sleigh Ride
The first and biggest Sleigh Ride in north west of Iran was designed and installed in El-Goli Park in Tabriz, with a mutual cooperation of Tabriz Municipality and private sector. The Sleigh Ride is 450 meters long and has two kind of cabins, for one person and for two people. The equipment is made in Germany and all the people working in its installation and operation has been trained abroad. While riding the Sleigh you can have a perfect view of Tabriz. The speed of Sleigh is controlled by the rider, but in special cases the speed is decreased by the automatic safety system. Every year in tourist seasons, there are free buses to take people to Sleigh Ride site.